The Leaders in a Global Economy project grew out of the concerns of a group of companies. These companies had already identified the growing need for attracting, developing and retaining women as a key competitive business strategy, and they had been working on doing so for a number of years. Despite their progress, however, they felt there were still many challenges— both subtle and overt—to overcome. They wanted to better understand these challenges on a global basis so they could develop new approaches and strategies to address the advancement of both women and men. The concerns of these companies resulted in a unique partnership and first-time collaboration among three non-profit research organizations: Families and Work Institute, Catalyst, and the Boston College Center for Work & Family.