The third in the Leaders in a Global Economy series, this report focuses on pipeline and senior leaders in European cultures in order to understand why women have had difficulty ascending to higher leadership positions. Various forces on the current European workforce will likely result in a different workforce in the future. The study examines how common barriers to women’s advancement are perceived by current workplace leaders and how talent management practices can help facilitate women’s advancement in the workforce. Talent management practices are associated with higher engagement of leaders of both genders. Their wide-spread use may contribute to eliminating those barriers women come up against in the workplace.